ICB research scientists involved with genetic advancement provide analytical expertise that help develop GENEX products and programs. Research in the areas of genetics, genomics and statistics can be used to improve health, production and reproductive performance. Goals within the area of genetics include identification and creation of novel traits and markers associated with genomic selection. Research scientists analyze samples of blood, hair or semen, extract DNA, and then examine variations in the genetic code. The associations between these variations and the known genetics of progeny-tested sires make it possible to identify specific genes that impact genetic traits. Current genomic testing has revolutionized the selection of bulls for artificial insemination and has had significant impact in the breeding and merchandising of females. Future genomic technologies that are cost efficient will give producers the tools to improve efficiency, profitability and performance impacted by genetics.